Project group “Regulatory theories of Artificial Intelligence”, starts 1 September 2021
Digital technologies of artificial intelligence and machine learning raise a variety of normative questions, such as the liability for algorithmic decisions. Answering these questions requires norms that are, due to the innovative nature of those technologies, only beginning to emerge. The formation of norms takes place at different levels and by different actors – partly as ethical guidelines drafted by experts, partly as mechanisms embedded in technology, partly through the application of existing law, partly through legislative action. There are also differences in design and scope, with regulatory approaches that are partly sector-specific and partly technology-specific. The project group aims at analysing the formation of norms, systematising the complex body of norms and searching for effective enforcement mechanisms at the intersection of law, ethics, technology and market mechanisms.
Speaker: Prof. Dr. iur. Florian Möslein, Dipl.-Kfm., LL.M. (London), Philipps-Universität Marburg
Deputy: Prof. Dr. iur. Anne Riechert, Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences
Project group “AI and Finance – Innovation, Resilience and Responsibility”
Artificial intelligence is one of the key drivers of modern finance. The enormous breadth of AI applications is illustrated by buzzwords such as FinTech, RegTech, Big Data, Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) and algorithm-based credit scoring. At the same time, the development of a normative regulatory framework for banks, customers, supervisors and central banks is only just beginning. Given the diversity and complex interaction of financial market actors, legislators as well as regulators face considerable challenges. The project group will focus on regulatory design for three critical areas: AI credit scoring, AI investor profiling, and CBDC/supervision.
Speaker: Prof. Dr. iur. Katja Langenbucher, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt a.M.
Deputy: Prof. Dr. oec. publ. Alexander Benlian, Technische Universität Darmstadt
Project group “Sustainable intelligence – intelligent sustainability”
To ensure sustainable development worldwide on an economic, social and ecological level, the United Nations has defined 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Digitisation poses new challenges to the achievement of these goals, but due to its transformational character it can also open up new opportunities. However, conflicts and synergies arising between SDGs have hardly been explored – neither in general nor in relation to digitisation in particular. This is the background for the project group’s research. Using innovative approaches such as collaboration engineering and citizen science, the project group aims to identify digitisation-related conflicts of goals and synergies between SDGs, discussing them in a transdisciplinary manner and developing solutions. The focus is on SDGs 4 (quality education), 10 (reduced inequalities) and 12 (responsible consumption and production).
Speaker: Prof. Dr. iur. Gerrit Hornung, LL.M., Universität Kassel
Deputy: Prof. Dr. phil. Gerd Doeben-Henisch, University of Applied Sciences Frankfurt
Project Group “Data Sovereignty“
The concept of data sovereignty has had an astounding trajectory. It may even become a guiding paradigm of the digital society. However, there are still considerable uncertainties associated with it. Against this background, the work of the project group aims to explore and scrutinise conceptual and terminological variances and the different contexts of use (including the distinction to related terms such as digital, infrastructure or platform sovereignty). Thus, a clearer notion of data sovereignty will be developed. It will be examined whether and why this concept could represent a response to the challenges of the digital society that is both theoretically sound and practically appropriate. It is also interesting to see which technical and legal solutions (e.g. models of data trusteeship) are available in this field.
Speaker: Prof. Dr. iur. Steffen Augsberg, Justus-Liebig Universität Gießen
Deputy: Prof. Dr. phil. Petra Gehring, Technische Universität Darmstadt
Project Group “Diffusion of Responsibility through Algorithms“
The attribution as well as potential disappearance of personal and institutional responsibility through algorithm-based decision making can be a fundamental problem for society, law, economy, democracy and the state. The project group focuses on the effects of algorithmic decision-making in which a blurring and shifting of responsibility can be observed.
Speaker: Prof. Dr. iur. Indra Spiecker called Döhmann, Goethe Universität Frankfurt a.M.
Deputy: Prof. Dr. phil. Jörn Lamla, Universität Kassel
Pilot project “Research Group RoboTrust”
For several years, anthropomorphic service robots have been used and researched in various sectors – such as retail, gastronomy and banking. RoboTrust focuses on answering the question of how these robots, which are now quite advanced, can be used responsibly, i.e. in the interest and protection of humans.
Speaker: Prof. Dr. Dr. Ruth Stock-Homburg, Technische Universität Darmstadt